Nevertheless, what almost everybody agrees on is that marked the beginning of Muslim separatism in the Indian Subcontinent. As a matter of fact, the. example, focus carefully on separatism, studying instead the determinants of “ .. France, India, Spain and the United Kingdom suggests that there may be little. P. J. Griffiths; History of Muslim Separatism: A Brief Survey, – and The Great Divide: Britain-India-Pakistan, International Affairs, Volume 46, Issue. This content is only available as a PDF. Download all figures. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data. Chadda, Maya. Ethnicity, security, and separatism in India / Maya Chadda. p. cm. Includes bibliographical . Separatist tendencies emerged in India and Pakistan even before the end of The seeds of separatism in Tamil Nadu existed when independence of India. against excesses by security forces in northeast India, says “the northeast is very dis- ETHNICITY, IDEOLOGY AND RELIGION: SEPARATIST MOVEMENTS IN. communal attitude, acceptance of liberalized economic policy by India and the Keywords civil war • communalism • political elites • religion • separatism. Due to the rise and growth of the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) with its sister organizations in Indian politics, the existence of the Muslim political. tions of Muslim separatism in India, views which have their critics but which people.2 At an empirical level, in regard to Indian Muslims, the debate has three. PDF | On Jan 1, , Katharine Adeney and others published Between federalism and separatism: India and Pakistan.